Wednesday, January 2, 2013

Martin Luther and Women in the Church

"She is not to be the spokesman among the people. She should refrain from teaching, from praying in public. She has the command to speak at home. This passage [1 Tim 2:11] makes a woman subject. It takes form her all public office and authority. On the other side is the passage in Acts (8:27) about Queen Candace. We read many such examples in sacred literature -- that women have been very good at management: Huldah, Deborah, Jael, the wife of the Kenite, who killed Sisera (2 Kings 22:14; Judges 4:14, 17). Why, then, does Paul say here that he deprives them of the administration of the Word as well as work? You should solve the argument this way. Here we properly take "woman" to mean "wife," as he reveals from his correlative phrase (v. 12) "to have authority over man," that is, over her husband. He calls the husband "man," so he calls the wife "woman." Where men and women have been joined together, there the men, not the women, should have authority. An exceptional example is the case where they are without husbands, like Huldah and Deborah who had no authority over husbands."
Luther goes on to equate his reasoning with I Corinthians 11:3, but I found this excerpt interesting. 

--Martin Luther, "Lectures on I Timothy," pg276.

1 comment:

  1. I think this clearly demonstrated that women are allowed to teach both men and women in church. Also Considering the fact that Deborah was a Prophetess over the Children of Israel and the other women minister mentioned in the Word of God.