"In 1 Peter 4:1-6, Christians are called to live for God after Christ’s own model and not like those around them, their lives full of the hope and assurance that they will be vindicated when God judges the living and dead. For this post, some of the exegetical issues influencing the meaning of the text will be focused on in dealing with those already dead and The Universal Scope of Judgment in 4:5-6. . ."
In this last section Peter unfolds the reality of the situation described in vv.2-4. While still on earth, those whose practices were against God were surprised that the Christian renounced such customs and went further out of their way to slander. Jobes observes, “The universal claim to truth was as offensive to first-century Greco-Roman thought as it has become in today’s pluralistic culture.” Also, “The claim, so popular in today’s intellectual milieu, that truth is socially construed opposes ideas of universal truth. When applied to religious thought, it implies that a given religion is true only for those who believe it.” Under this kind of assumption, it is not surprising that those who claim there is objective truth or live at odds with the status quo would face hardship. In response to this setup, Peter tells us that “the living and the dead” will be judged. God’s judgment is universal and not only applicable to the Christian. “The apostle teaches here that no one escapes God’s judgment, which will either acquit or condemn based on response to Christ, the Living Stone or the stumbling stone (2:7-8).” In sum, whatever the human verdict, God’s verdict stands.To continue, Post-Mortem Conversion?