Dr. Picirilli regards Romans 9:14 as the key to the passage. Romans 9:14 says, “What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? Certainly not!” (NKJV). Paul’s point in Romans 9-11 is to show that the answer is no! God has not failed in His promises to Israel nor is He unjust in rejecting Israel because of their lack of faith.For the link, enjoy HERE.
So Paul’s main point: God is not unrighteous in His present rejection of Israel.
Sub-points in developing this main point:
One point that Dr. Picirilli makes that I found comforting was that God desires to show mercy (Romans 9:18). If we can show that His mercy is extended on the basis of faith in His Son then we can likewise conclude that His damnation is based on the rejection of His mercy. It would follow that if Paul is establishing conditional salvation upon faith in Jesus (Romans 10:13) then he would not conclude that God would predestine the reprobate. His desire is to show His grace and mercy to all (Romans 11:32; 2 Peter 3:9) and to save all who come to Him in faith (John 6:37; Acts 13:38-39; 1 Timothy 2:3-6).
- God elects and rejects whom He pleases (Romans 9-10)
- He never promised, unconditionally, to save all the fleshly descendants of Abraham, Isaac, or Israel (9:6-13).
- He is Sovereign and has the right to save (or damn) whomever He pleases (9:15-24).
- He always made clear (in prophecy) that not all of “Israel” would be saved (9:25-29).
- He has rejected Israel because Israel has rejected salvation by faith in favor of salvation by works (9:30-10:21).
- God has not rejected Israel after all (Romans 11)
- In fact, God has not rejected Israelites: any who will can be saved by grace through faith (11:1-10).
- The present rejection of Israel opens the door of salvation for all nations (11:11-22).
- Indeed, the present rejection of Israel is not “final”: Israel will yet be converted (11:23-32).